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Institut für Pervasive Computing

Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Alois Ferscha

Johannes Kepler Universität Linz
Altenberger Straße 69
A-4040 Linz
+43-732-2468-4760 (Tel.)
+43-732-2468-4765 (Fax)
office ät pervasive döt jku döt at



Ein Ausweg aus dem Gedränge


Das Smartphone kann auch als Sensor für Menschenmassen dienen. Linzer Forscher haben den Wiener City Marathon mit einem Werkzeug ausgestattet, das Besuchern hilft, Massendrängereien aus dem Weg zu gehen.

Wie jedes Jahr waren beim vergangenen Vienna City Marathon (VCM) am 12. April bis zu 400.000 Menschen auf den Beinen. Sie säumen die Strecke, fahren mit Öffis kreuz und quer durch die Bezirke. Sie feuern ihre Angehörigen an, holen sie vom Ziel ab. Gerade um den Wiener Heldenplatz herum ballt sich die Menge oft gewaltig zusammen. Menschenansammlungen dieser Größe bergen eine Gefahr in sich. Zuletzt hat das das Unglück bei der Loveparade 2010 in Duisburg bewiesen, bei dem 21 Menschen in der Menge erdrückt wurden.

Pressemitteilung
VCM2013 Social Density [mp4]
VCM2014 Social Density [mp4]
VCM2015 Social Density [mp4][jpg][jpg]
Der Standard, 22.4.2015 [pdf]
derstandard.at, 2015-04-26 [pdf] [html]

 
Durchbruch für Zuschauersicherheit bei Massensportveranstaltungen durch Selbstorganisation


Der Vienna City Marathon zählt mit rund 44.000 Teilnehmern und mehr als 350.000 bis 400.000 Zuschauern an der Laufstrecke zu den größten Massensportveranstaltungen der Welt. Seit nunmehr vier Jahren kommen Smartphone-App basierte Sicherheitslösungen für Zuschauer, entwickelt am Institut für Pervasive Computing der Johannes Kepler Universität Linz zum Einsatz. Bei der gestrigen 32. Auflage der zweitgrößten Sportveranstaltung Europas haben sich 19.340 App-User laufend über das Geschehen auf der Laufstrecke informiert, und dabei gleichzeitig zu einem Frühwarnsystem für Gefahrensituationen aufgrund von unvorhersehbarem Massenverhalten beigetragen.

Weiterlesen [pdf]

 
Raising Attention: Interviews

Information overload and attention scarcity are social and industrial issues threatening human well-being and productivity. The current project 'Raising Attention' aims at opening the door for comprehensive research and development in the integration of human attention as the key factor for the design of future technical HCI and ICT systems. We pursue the next step in the evolution from 'classic' AI to a new abstraction layer which can be summarized as 'Cognitive ICT'. This requires a general and highly interdisciplinary scientific and industrial mobilization to achieve the necessary rising of public and political awareness.

10 leading experts of Austrian institutions give insight into the role of attention from different perspectives.

Watch the interviews

Further Information:

http://www.raising-attention.org/
info@raising-attention.org

 
IEEE Pervasive Computing Special Issue: Attention Management

The study of Human Attention within the Pervasive Computing domain has importance that is theoretical as well as practical. While considered a mental variable that could not be quantified and measured in metric terms in the early nineteen-hundreds -and was thus considered outside the bounds of scientific inquiry- human attention has constituted a fundamental element of psychological research since then. Today, everyone has an intuitive understanding of what attention is, how it can be assessed and how it impacts perception, memory, expectation, awareness, relevance, decision-making and other behaviours. Yet, there is hardly any human capacity as complicated to describe. Competing sensual stimuli which are controlled via top-down (conscious) and bottom-up (unconscious) sensory and perceptual processes, and the allocation to their respective importance makes attention hard to parametrize or even to measure. Formalizing human attention is extremely difficult, since it not only involves evidence based research (like the analysis of measurable, indicative signs of attention), but also theory based research of human cognitive capacities.

This special issue of IEEE PERVASIVE focusses on novel approaches to attention modelling, attention representation, attention recognition or estimation, together with attention management as a -theoretical as well as practical- system design principle.

Alois Ferscha
(Guest Editor)

IEEE Pervasive Computing Special Issue Vol 14, No 1, Jan-Mar 2014
Cover & Content [pdf] [html]
Guest Editor's Introduction, p. 19ff [pdf]
Spotlight: Attention, Please!, p. 48ff [pdf]

 
Research
“Always-on, multitasking work environments are killing productivity, dampening creativity, and making us unhappy”. Our society has evolved from suffering from information scarcity in the... more ...
High resolution, internet enabled, interactive display systems have become broadly deployed in public places, mostly for location specific announcement and commercial advertisement... more ...
The objective of this project is the research and development of crowd safety solutions in the domain of (urban) mass events. It was found that many crowd disaster - such as the 2012... more ...
This industrial research project with RECTICEL Schlafkomfort GmbH -Schlaraffia addresses the problem of getting the right sleeping product according to the body shape. more ...
Fundamentals of Collective Adaptive Systems. The FOCAS project is a coordination action which aims to integrate, coordinate and help increase visibility to research carried out in the... more ...
The FuturICT Knowledge Accelerator and Crisis-Relief System: Unleashing the Power of Information for a Sustainable Future. The FuturICT flagship proposal intends to unify hundreds of the... more ...
Self-Aware Pervasive Service Ecosystems. The objective of SAPERE is the development of a highly-innovative theoretical and practical framework for the decentralized deployment and execution... more ...
Human Computer Confluence Research in Action. HCC, Human-Computer Confluence, is an ambitious research program studying how the emerging symbiotic relation between humans and computing... more ...
Pervasive Adaptation Network for the Organisation of the Research Agenda and the Management of Activities. The goal of PANORAMA is to bring together the wide range of researchers in the... more ...
Activity and Context Recognition with Opportunistic Sensor Configurations. The project aims at developing mobile systems to recognize human activity with dynamically varying sensor setups. more ...
Complex Socio-Technical System in Ambient Intelligence. There are a number of projects that acknowledge the tight entanglement between social and technical systems. more ...
Pervasive Display Systems. The objective is the development of a highly-innovative framework for the networked, decentralized operation of heterogeneous, long-lived and adaptive DISPLAY... more ...
Implicit activity-based energy management. The PowerSaver research project proposes a power management solution based on sensors for activity and context recognition, in order to avoid... more ...
IT for Implicit Interaction based Energy Management. This project will investigate on potentials to reduce energy inefficiency by the development of methods and solutions based on implicit... more ...
News and Press
Professor Anind K. Dey will give a lecture at JKU: A Framework to Support Opportunistic Groups in Context Aware and Internet of Things ApplicationsFriday, May 08, 2015, 13:00 Johannes... more ...
Professor Matthias Kranz will give a lecture at JKU: Experimental Evaluation of User Interfaces for Visual Indoor NavigationFriday, April 24, 2015, 12:00 Johannes Kepler University... more ...
LINZ. Alois Ferscha über den Informations-Tsunami, die Chancen Europas und warum das Handy unsere Aufmerksamkeit raubt. Uni-Professor Alois Ferscha ist nicht nur großer Fan der Informatik,... more ...
Über Innovationsideen für die Produkte von morgen diskutierten beim gut besuchten Innovationstag der Wirtschaftskammer Oberösterreich (WK) Vertreter der Wirtschaft und der Wissenschaft. more ...
Am Sonntag, dem 15. März und Montag, dem 16. März findet im Zürserhof am Arlberg der bereits neunte Media + Lifestyle Summit statt. [...] Das Programm startet mit einer... more ...
Wie stark stresst uns die Fahrt durch einen Tunnel? Forscher haben die Belastung bei Fahrer und Beifahrer gemessen. Nicht nur Zeitdruck, Streit oder Lärm lösen Stress aus. more ...
Teaching
Lecture exam: 2015-06-30, 15.30-17.00hrs.Lecture halls:HS3:A - He, HS4:Hi - Pl, HS19:Po - Z, more ...
Current Issues
Lecture exam: 2015-06-30, 15.30-17.00hrs.Lecture halls:HS3:A - He, HS4:Hi - Pl, HS19:Po - Z, more ...
 
Conferences
07. Sep 2015 - 11. Sep 2015, Osaka, Japan more ...